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Aug 16, 2018

Japanese particle "の(no)" - Make words possessive

Hello. I am Kosuke!

In the previous article, I talked about です and ます!
  です and ます >>

In this article, I would like to talk about "の(no)"!

"の" is one of the "post-positional particles".

Japanese "post-positional particles" are "preposition" or "conjunction" of English.

However, you don't need to remember the name, "post-positional particle" here!

We have already studied some post-positional particles, like は.

   ~は(wa) >>
   は and が >>

Like the articles above, は and が make a noun the subject of the sentence.

But の isn't a marker for the subject of a sentence.

Actually, we have already seen の in the past article about I, my, me and mine.
  First person representation >>

In the article, we learned "わたし の(wa ta shi no)".

"わたし" means "I", and "わたしの" means "my".

Basically, の adds a meaning of "possession", even though there are other ways to use の.

Maybe, when you hear の, it means "possession" 80% of the time!

This "の" means ['s] or [of].

So, what about the remaining 25%?

In that cause, you should get angry with the Japanese speaker, and please say:

"Hey! Why are you using such difficult Japanese!? I always use very easy English for you! Also, I always bear with your inept English! Why do you use that difficult Japanese with me!? You are an awful person! I don't like you!!!!!!!".


Let's check the examples!

1. じゃ
ni n ja no mu ra

     Meaning :  "village of ninja"
にんじゃ ninja
むら village

If you still don't remember Hiragana chart, please check this:

If you don't know the Hiragana character "じゃ", please check this:

2. じょ
mu ra no do u jo u

     Meaning :  "training hall of the village"
どうじょう training hall

If you don't remember the Hiragana character "ど", please check this:

3. じゃ
ni n ja no ku n re n

     Meaning :  "ninja's training"
くんれん training

se n se i no shi do u

     Meaning :  "teacher's coaching"
せんせい teacher
しどう coaching, guidance

5. りょ
sa su ke no do ryo ku

     Meaning :  "Sasuke's effort"
さすけ Sasuke
(name of person)
どりょく effort

a i no mu chi

     Meaning :  "whip of love"
あい love
むち whip

7. りょ
ta i ryo ku no ge n ka i

     Meaning :  "limit of physical strength"
たいりょく physical strength
げんかい limit

ya ru ki no so u shi tsu

     Meaning :  "loss of motivation"
やるき motivation
そうしつ loss, failure

9. しょ
sa su ke no ri syo ku

     Meaning :  "Sasuke's resignation"
りしょく resignation, turnover

Like the examples above, の can be changed to ['s] or [of].

I think this conversion helps you understand the meaning of Japanese sentences.

This is the most common usage of "の"!

Just in case, let's see the examples of other ways to use の...

But you don't need to remember the sentences below!

さむらい と にんじゃ どちら が すきですか?
Which do you like, samurai or ninja?

  -> When we give an option, we use の like this...

げんき ない にんじゃ
dispirited ninja

  -> This sentence has the same meaning as "げんき  ない にんじゃ".
     Sometimes, の and が have the same meanings...


For now, please don't care about exceptions!

"の" has too many meanings!

Please just remember:

"の" means ['s] or [of].

I hope this article helps you study basic Japanese!

In the next article, let's study another particle "を"!
  を (wo) >>

Thank you for reading!

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